A joint is the meeting point of two or more bones of the body to allow movement. The greater the range of movement, the higher is the risk of injury. Greater joint movement reduces the strength of the joints.
The six types of freely movable joints are:
Arthritis: It is regarded as the inflammation of the joint. Joints become severely damaged with time. It causes pain, stiffness, and swelling of the bone joints.
Osteoarthritis: This is one of the most common forms of bone joint disease. It is the wear and tear of the bone joints. It occurs due to increasing age.
Bursitis: In this condition, there is an inflammation of a fluid-filled sac that cushions the joints.
Dislocation: This is the result of any injury. In this condition, the ends of the bones are dislocated or out of the actual position.
Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune condition that affects the joint lining.
Gout: This condition affects the joint connecting the big toe to the rest of the foot. It results due to excess uric acid and waste products in the blood.
Spondyloarthritis: It is an umbrella term for rheumatoid diseases.
Lupus: It is an autoimmune disease.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: It is an autoimmune condition in children.
Medication is used to treat rheumatoid and osteoarthritis. Drugs like methotrexate and sulfasalazine are used to slow the process of the disease.
Biologic drugs help to reduce inflammation by targeting the immune system.
Drug treatment is not effective in treating osteoarthritis. For this condition, surgical replacement of the large joints such as hip replacement or knee replacement is recommended.
To manage the pain of the joint or the bone, over-the-counter or prescribed pills are recommended.
Topical ointments, gels, sprays are also effective.
For any systemic bone or joint condition, nerve-related pain medication is recommended.
Physical activities and regular exercise play a crucial role in the treatment of arthritis. Resistance training exercises also improve strength around the joints. It also prevents further complications.
For osteoporosis, weight-bearing exercise is recommended.
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